Common Fish Diseases

There are absolutely hundreds of afflictions that could impact the health of your fish.Even the most common maladies found in home aquaria are often either parasitic or bacterial in origin. Fungal infections can also be occasionally found, and sometimes physical disorders.

     

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Fish Diseases That Are Transmitted To Humans

Fish Diseases That Are Transmitted To Humans

Fish diseases that can be easily transmitted to humans are discussed in this article, Fish...
Ichthyophthirius multifiliis

Fish Disease – Ick

Ick or ich (Ichthyophthirius multifiliis) is a most common disease of all aquarium and freshwater...

Fungal diseases of Fish

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Fish Diseases That Are Transmitted To Humans

Fish diseases that can be easily transmitted to humans are discussed in this article, Fish diseases that can be easily transmitted to humans are discussed in this article, Fish Diseases That Are Transmitted To Humans

1.    Fish TB:

Fish TB is also called as fish tuberculosis and fish tank granuloma. It is caused by Mycobacterium marinum bacteria. This is related to human tuberculosis and leprosy. • The bacterium is very resistant to treatment. It enters the system through wounds. The incubation period ranges from 2 days to 2 years. It usually takes two weeks for granuloma to appear at the infected place. The infected area may be painful to touch and may be purple in color. • It can be treated with human Tuberculosis. It can take over a year to completely cure. • Fish TB can be transmitted to humans from getting scratched in a fish tank, diving around reefs, and cleaning fish, crabs, shrimps.

2.    VIBRIO Infections:

• A lot of species can infect humans: V.Alginoltyicus, V.Parahaemolticus, V.Damsela. These species can cause wound infections, gastroenteritis, and systematic infections. • Systematic infections caused by Damsela disease can be deadly at times. It can also lead to limb removal. • The incubation period for vulnificus may differ from 1-5 days. These symptoms include fever, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, low blood pressure, stroke, skin wounds filled with fluid, etc. • Gastrointestinal infections through ingestion and other varieties of Vibrio can cause rapid bacterial infections if they enter the blood. This bacterium gets multiplied rapidly which causes the blood vessels to clog, which sometimes may lead to organ removal or death. Antibiotics used for these infections are tetracycline, ampicillin, Gentamycin.

3.    Salmonella:

• The incubation period for salmonella can be from 7 to 72 hours. • This bacterium is infected by swallowing. Salmonella can be carried by many types of animals. • Symptoms: Dehydration, fecal infections, gastroenteritis.

4.    Mad fish disease:

• This disease is recently reported from handling a fish named, tilapia. This disease is infected through puncture wounds. • The Mad fish disease can cause shaking, fever, arthritis, and meningitis. • Safety measures: Do not handle fish, water, and tank if you have wounds or breaks in the skin. Do not eat raw seafood. • People with weak immune systems are prone to above infections.

5.    ERYSIPELOTHRIX RHUSIOPATHIAE:

• This disease is also known as fishermen disease, sealer’s finger and Erythema migrans. • People who handle animals or animal waste can be infected with this disease. For example, animal caretakers, veterinarians, butchers, meat-processors, etc. • The incubation period is 1-7 days. Symptoms include fever, pain in joints, muscle pain, headache, Arthritis. • This disease is transmitted through skin breaks and wounds. This bacterium is carried by dolphins, fish, and shellfish. This can be treated with antibiotics.

Fish Disease – Ick

Ick or ich (Ichthyophthirius multifiliis) is a most common disease of all aquarium and freshwater fishes. Any fish being in an aquarium for a particular period will develop ick. Though Ick is a common disease among fishes, it is also the disease which is responsible for more fish deaths than any other disease. There are various treatments for Ick, but if not executed properly, they can serious issues with the fish and other tank inhabitants. This article will explain the source, cause of Ick and also the treatment options and prevention strategies.Ick or ich (Ichthyophthirius multifiliis) is a most common disease of all aquarium and freshwater fishes. Any fish being in an aquarium for a particular period will develop ick. Though Ick is a common disease among fishes, it is also the disease which is responsible for more fish deaths than any other disease. There are various treatments for Ick, but if not executed properly, they can serious issues with the fish and other tank inhabitants. This article will explain the source, cause of Ick and also the treatment options and prevention strategies. Ichthyophthirius multifiliis

Ich (Ichthyophthirius multifiliis):

It is a protozoan disease which is also often called as “white spot disease.” It is broadly found in fresh water fish but occurs more commonly in aquarium fish. Aquarium fish are easily prone to this disease because of the closed environment and stress within the species. Ich has widely spread that experts feel it is present in the environment of most holding tanks, breeding tanks, and wholesalers. Ich symptoms are evident and consist of white spots on the body and gills. This disease is analyzed based on its history, white spots, and symptoms. To ensure the presence of the protozoan, a lesion of the fish can be viewed under the microscope. The protozoan has the shape of a large horseshoe.

Treatment for Ick:

To treat Ich, increase the tank’s temperature to 78-80 degree Fahrenheit over 48 hours to boost the cycle of tomite formation. If the tomite formation cycle takes four complete days, the treatment will be over in four days. If the temperature is cold, the treatment will last for several weeks.It is understandable that Ich cannot be killed while it is on a fish, moving the affected fish to an isolated tank will not reduce the risks in the main tank. If a single fish in an aquarium is affected by Ich, assume that the entire tank is infected with Ich. Other option to get rid of Ich is to remove all the fish from the contaminated tank and to increase the temperature to 80 degrees. Tomites can only survive two days without attaching to a fish.

Preventing Ick:

• Do not over crowd the tank. Most aquariums have too many fishes, which leads to stress and increased mortality. • Purchase fish from a direct source to reduce shipping and handling stress. • Purchase healthy fish, without any signs of disease. • Don’t buy fish from an aquarium tank that contains a dead fish. • Maintain good water quality and change the water regularly. Ich is a most common disease among fishes that does not mean to infect your tank too. Follow these simple preventive measures to prevent your aquarium from this deadly disease.

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